When the telecommunications were started with cellular networks and wireless calling, it started with 2G network which was fast enough at that time to transfer some bits of data. Followed by 3G, good enough to browse websites placed 1-on-1 video calls even. We humans wanted more and so operators developed the fastest network- 4G which offers 100-300 Mbps. But developing country like India could not make it work as it was expected leaving it at 15-50 Mbps.
Now, as time passed we have the fifth generation of telecommunications – 5G, promising to offer 10-3- Gbps. 5G is the new upgraded wireless communication network that the countries have chosen for their bright future. The main advantage of this network is that it offers greater bandwidth offering a high speed download. Due to increased bandwidth it is assumed that this network will not only serve existing cellular networks but will also be used as general ISP for laptops and computers and it will also help in making new applications in IoT and M2M area.
South Korea was the country to launch the 5g network followed by U.S few hours after.
Is 5G Available In India?
Currently, 5G is not available in India. With everything getting delayed due to this pandemic, we could blame everything on it. Last we heard, Airtel, Vodaphone and Reliance Jio have their 5G trial applications. Since, Airtel and Vodaphone operators choose to go with Huawei, Ericsson, ZTE, Nokia whereas Jio picked Samsung as a weapon of their choice.
In current the only telecom operator who is ready with the IP-only network is JIO- the last operator in this game.
FUTURE OF 5G IN INDIA-
The evolution of cellular networks is based upon various pillars- 5G started to enhance with mobile broadband, which provides high delivery of data to the masses.
India is the second largest Smartphone market in the world. The consumption rate is more than 11GB/user/month- the largest consumption in the world.
By the release of 5G in 2020, India is all set to accelerate its digital future by developing 5G infrastructure. It not only boosts data but will also affect traditional industries. Adoption of this development has also created many issues which need to be overthink upon. Either it is technology or investments or collaborations, this race to digital India can only be won by placing everyone in one place, sharing insights and identifying the best opportunities.
India is in the midway of preparing 5G networks. TRAI has chosen the main bandwidth for 5G network spectrum in between 3.3 GHz to 3.6 GHz.
As we have seen, 2G, 3G, 4G networks at the most personal enhancement, however 5G brings the whole architectural change. It will connect everything and drive it on clod in real time. This will help in increasing productivity, efficiencies, richer consumption and build intelligence experiences. The positive impact of 5G network in India is going to be unparallel as India is the second largest market in these terms.
India is aggressively trying to position itself at the forefront in this new era of technology, said communications minister Manoj Sinha. According to him, this facility will work on security requirements and will also facilitate development in the country. Sinha while speaking at India Telecom 2019 expo organized by Telecom Equipment and Services Export Promotion Council (TEPC) said, “while we are gearing up for the next wave of digital transformation, it is also important to ensure the safety, security and sovereignty of digital communications.”
ECONOMIC IMPACT OF 5G IN INDIA-
India is on the track to create a cumulative of $1 trillion economy by 2035, as per the report of government appointed panel and the consequent multiplier effect will be much more. A telecom gear maker Ericsson reported that India will increase its digitalization revenue by $27 billion by 2026. Further, India will have 70 million connections by 2025.
CHALLENGES TO BE FACED BY INDIA ON ROLLOUT OF 5G
Let’s dive into the challenges to be faced by India in future before the 5G turns into reality.
- The need for a spectrum:
Many countries are rolling out 5G network to their users but in India 5G is yet to be launched. Fully fledged trails are still pending which telecom operators must test.
“India needs spectrum, let’s start here. It was very promising to hear that, before the end of the financial year, we should have the 5G spectrum auction in India. That needs to happen,” said Preeti Nagarajan.
- Spectrum is too expensive:
One of the main reasons for delaying the spectrum auction was the cost of spectrum. It was expensive for many of the telecom companies. Some operators of in India are still trying to keep the 4G cost low.
The Indian government announced that they will try to reduce the pricing policy by finding various ways to accommodate the requests of telecom companies.
- Finding space for spectrum:
The biggest challenge that India will have to face is acquiring sites for spectrum. As network connectivity will expand, more towers and antennas will be required. “It’s extremely important that we own the site. And we help and enable our customers to own their sites in a good way,” said Nagarajan.
- Affordable 5g smartphones:
On the consumer side, even if 5G network comes in. affordable 5G phones must be there in the market sop that consumers can purchase them easily. Earlier at IMC, Qualcomm announced that their partners are working for affordable 5G phones but India is still on its way to make it.
LIST OF SOME 5G PHONES IN INDIA-
In India you can expect 5G network to go on mainstream by 2020 or 2021, but 5G phones are already here well in advance. If you don’t want to miss next-gen cellular connectivity when it arrives, you may consider the following options-
- Samsung Galaxy S20 5G, Samsung Galaxy S20+5G, Galaxy S20 Ultra 5G
- OnePlus 8 Pro 5G and OnePlus 8 5G
- Xiaomi Mi 10 Pro 5G and Xiaomi Mi 10 5G
- Realme X50 Pro 5G and X50 5G
- Nokia 8.3 5G
- Oppo Reno 3 Pro 5G and Reno 3 5G
- Samsung Galaxy Note 10+ 5G
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